Gravure - Met handtekening in de druk - 1784
|Kunstenaar:||Juan Bautista Bru de Ramon|
|Titel van kunstwerk:||Ternera Monstruosa Oranca|
|Handtekening:||Met handtekening in de druk|
|Staat:||Over het algemeen in goede staat met ouderdoms- en gebruikssporen|
|Verkoop met lijst:||Nee|
|Totale afmetingen:||20×1×31 cm|
Engraved print “ternera monstruosa oranca” 1784, from the collection of prints representing animals and monsters, which still today are exposed in the Museum of Natural Sciences of Madrid. Drawn by hand. Made on an excellent paper made by the master miller J.Honning and Zoonen, with its corresponding authentication watermark.
About the author:
Bru de Ramón, Juan Bautista. Valencia, 1742 – Madrid, 12.12.1799 Zoologist and painter.
He was born in Valencia, city were he stayed during his first years of life. From his childhood he showed a penchant for painting and drawing, perhaps — although there is no evidence — because he was related to the painter and sculptor Francisco Bru and his brother, engraver Manuel Bru.
During his youth he made some frescoes in a Valencian Church (1761) and a collection of films published already in his maturity (1787), which represent the dresses of the "Asian nations" He moved to Madrid towards 1761 and joined Francisco Bayeu’s private school of drawing along with his fellow-student and friend F. Goya, where from 1766 he was trained as an “anatomical painter”. Before 1773 he started to work as a taxidermist, as it is documented that in March of that year he was commissioned with the dissection of some birds that Carlos III had sent to the Real Gabinete de Historia Natural. In 1777 he was appointed “dessicator” of this institution, and the occupied this position until his death in 1799. In 1781 he was admitted as as an honorary member of the Real Sociedad Económica Matritense de Amigos del País, where he taught drawing to apprentices and officers of arts and crafts.
Bru’s work developed around zoology.
As a painter, he drew the specimens of vertebrates dissected or kept in alcohol, and the skeletons which were in the Gabinete; secondarily, he copied engravings, paintings and animal drawings. As a dissector he was responsible of the preparation of dissected specimens and of assembling skeletons, as well as of the conservation of zoological materials coming from expeditions, collectors, purchases and donations arriving to the Gabinete.
The first publication of this institution was a work by Bru entitled Colección de láminas que representan los animales y monstruos del Real Gabinete de Historia Natural de Madrid, con una descripción individual de cada uno (1784-1786) It is an atlas in two volumes consisting of seventy one sheets, representing species typical from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands, as well as of America, Africa, Asia, Oceania and some areas of Europe. The intaglios, hand-coloured, are accompanied by a descriptive text written by Bru himself, who signed all of them. He situated each species in the Systema naturae (1767-1770) of Linnaeus and in the works of other naturalists.
He collaborated with Antonio Sáñez Reguart, Marine War Commissioner and Director of the Real Compañía Marítima, who between 1780 and 1787 travelled along the coasts of the peninsula to study the fauna of the area, accompanied by the German artist Miguel Cros, in charge of drawing from nature more than five hundred species studied. In 1784, Carlos III ordered that the results were published at his expenses under the title ‘Colección de los peces y demás producciones marítimas de España’, and Bru was in charge of carrying out the prints, of which are preserved one hundred and thirty-six in the Biblioteca del Palacio Real. The work was interrupted in 1790 when both authors dedicated themselves, due to a royal order, to prepare the Diccionario de los artes de la pesca nacional, a study in five volumes of fishing techniques used in Spain.
Bru drew its three hundred and forty-seven prints, and the work was published between 1791 and 1795.
Bru's main scientific contribution was the assembly and anatomical description of the first skeleton of Megatherium and, in general, fossil mammal rebuilt in Europe
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