Geneeskunde, Naslagwerken - Aantal: 1
|Auteur/ Illustrator:||Thomas Sydenham|
|Publicatiejaar oudste item:||1784|
Thomas Sydenham - Médecine pratique de Sydenham, avec des notes, Ouvrage traduit en François sur la dernière édition Angloise, Par feu M. A. F. Jault - Paris, Chez Theophile Barrois, 1784 – XXXVIII pp, (1) f, 728 pages – full marbled sheepskin of the time – octavo – 13 x 20.5 cm.
Condition: Crowns and joints in good condition, strong hinges, 3 dented corner, back with raised bands adorned with golden fleurons and title label in green Morocco, rare foxing, red edges Complete.
Thomas Sydenham (1624-1689), nicknamed the ‘English Hippocrates’ of his century, was one of the main founders of epidemiology. Follower of the views of the Greek doctor, he always made of the patient the unique object of his observation. His interest focusing on diseases, he considered clinical observation necessary since the onset of symptoms until their disappearance. Sydenham described the clinical setting of gout, of which he suffered himself. He had the opportunity to study epidemics. He lives near the great plague of London in 1661 to 1675, with severe epidemics of smallpox.
Thomas Sydenham (10 September 1624 – 29 December 1689) was an English physician. He was the author of Observationes Medicae which became a standard textbook of medicine for two centuries so that he became known as 'The English Hippocrates'. Among his many achievements was the discovery of a disease, Sydenham's Chorea, also known as St Vitus Dance.
Thomas Sydenham was born at Wynford Eagle in Dorset, where his father was a gentleman of property. His brother was Colonel William Sydenham.
At the age of eighteen Sydenham was entered at Magdalen Hall, Oxford; after a short period his college studies appear to have been interrupted, and he served for a time as an officer in the Parliamentarian army during the Civil War. He completed his Oxford course in 1648, graduating as bachelor of medicine, and about the same time he was elected a fellow of All Souls College. It was not until nearly thirty years later (1676) that he graduated as MD, not at Oxford, but at Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, where his eldest son was by then an undergraduate.
After 1648 he seems to have spent some time studying medicine at Oxford, but he was soon back in military service, and in 1654 he received the sum of £600, as a result of a petition he addressed to Oliver Cromwell, pointing out the various arrears due to two of his brothers who had been killed and reminding Cromwell that he himself had also faithfully served the parliament with the loss of much blood.
In 1655 he resigned his fellowship at All Souls and married Mary Gee in his home town of Wynford Eagle. They had two sons, William (c.1660–1738) and Henry (1668?–1741); another son, James, apparently died young. In 1663 he passed the examinations of the College of Physicians for their licence to practice in Westminster and 6 miles round; but it is probable that he had been settled in London for some time before that. This minimum qualification to practice was the single bond between Sydenham and the College of Physicians throughout the whole of his career.
He seems to have been distrusted by some members of the faculty because he was an innovator and something of a plain-dealer. In a letter to John Mapletoft he refers to a class of detractors ‘qui vitio statim vertunt si quis novi aliquid, ab illis non prius dictum vel etiam inauditum, in medium proferat’ (‘Who by a technicality suddenly turn if something is new, if someone should disclose something not previously said or heard’); and in a letter to Robert Boyle, written the year before his death (and the only authentic specimen of his English composition that remains), he says, ‘I have the happiness of curing my patients, at least of having it said concerning me that few miscarry under me; but [I] cannot brag of my correspondency with some other of my faculty .... Though yet, in taken fire at my attempts to reduce practice to a greater easiness, plainness, and in the meantime letting the mountebank at Charing Crosspass unrailed at, they contradict themselves, and would make the world believe I may prove more considerable than they would have me.’
Sydenham attracted to his support some of the most discriminating men of his time, such as Boyle and John Locke. His religious views have been described as an early form of natural theology.
|Lid sinds:||12 juni 2013|
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