Overall in good condition
Centered by a Victory figure seated on a trophy of flags, spears and a trumpet, trampling War depicted as a harnessed male. Victory is holding aloft a palm-branch and in her right hand she is holding a tasselled rope on which the four armorail shields of London, Hollandt (Holland/Dutch Republic), Spangien (Spain) and Vranckrijck (France).
In the upper right hand corner the RWR (William Rex) monogram of William III of Orange, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland, Overijssel and the date 1689 marking the start of his reign as King of England, Ireland and Scotland, enclosed on each side by a cornucopia.
In the upper left hand corner a putto showing a paper with the text: "geen bijl is (...) winst , wint naar de vrede"
Dimensions: height 14.4 cm x width 12.5 cm
"In 1697, the Huis ter Nieuburch in Rijswijk was the scene of the negotiations which led to so-called “Peace of Ryswick”. These negotiations sought to end the Nine-Years War between France on one side and the Grand Alliance of Spain, England, The Dutch Republic and The Holy Roman Empire. The Peace Treaty of Rijswijk was not a single document but consisted of a number of treaties which were signed during the months of September and October 1697. (...)
To force the hand of the Holy Roman Empire, the Dutch Republic negotiated a special agreement with France, the Article of the 9th of October 1697; if the Holy Roman Empire did not agree to a Peace Treaty before the beginning of November then the Peace Treaty between France and the Dutch Republic would go into immediate effect on that date; the Dutch Republic would leave the Grand Alliance. Since England and the Dutch Republic shared their head of state, England would certainly follow the Dutch Republic and leave the alliance as well. Spain, the weakest of the 4 partners would not be able to continue the war without the support of England and the Dutch Republic and would likewise end its involvement. The Holy Roman Empire would be isolated in the conflict with France.
Negotiations dragged on but the government of the Holy Roman Empire was basically out of options; there was a war with the Ottoman Empire in the east and to continue the war with France in the west would be too risky. The Peace Treaty on the 30th can be seen in this light; the time limit was dragged out to its maximum but its conclusion was inevitable.
The final Treaty of Peace was signed in October 1697, ratifications followed and Europe settled for a period of peace. (...)"
From: The Treaties of Ryswick (1697) by N. van Tol on: peacepalacelibrary.nl
A print (etching) "Allegory on the Peace of Rijswijk, 1697" by Coenraet Decker, 1697 with a similar Victory (lower left) is in the collection of the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, objectnr: RP-P-OB-82.898. See image please.
Another print (etching/engraving) "Allegory on the Peace of Rijswijk" by Romeyn de Hooghe/Samuel Donnet, dated 1697 and also in the collection of the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, objectnr: RP-P-OB-79.462, depicts a similar Victory figure surrounded by the portraits of the eight allied rulers, the armorial shields of Spain, France and the Dutch Republic at her feet. See image please.
|Lid sinds:||21 februari 2017|
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